Diabetes symptoms : Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms, Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms | Causes, Treatment, Prevention
|Diabetes symptoms : About Type 1 diabetes symptoms , Type 2 diabetes symptoms and Symptoms of Gestational diabetes.|
Diabetes is a disease named for the excretion of glucose in the urine. In the case of normal people, blood sugar is controlled to the extent that sugar does not overflow with urine. Here, a hormone called ‘insulin’ secreted by the pancreas plays an important role. Blood sugar rises when these insulins are insufficient or when they are not working properly, which leads to a consistently high blood sugar level.
The most representative symptom of diabetes is called ‘samda’. In other words, it refers to Daum ( drinking a lot of water), Da Nyo ( urinating a lot), and Dasik (eating a lot). Other Diabetes symptoms may include dim eyes, numbness in the hands and feet, and vaginal pruritus in women. However, when blood sugar is not very high, most people do not experience any special symptoms.
1. Frequently urinate at night, a lot (pee), very thirsty, lose weight without effort
2. Blurred vision 3. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
4. Very tired
5. Has very dry skin, and the wound heals slowly.
6. There are more infections than usual
Type 2 diabetes symptoms
1. Type 2 diabetes symptoms often develop over many years and can be inconspicuous and last for a long time (sometimes there are no noticeable symptoms at all).
2. Type 2 diabetes usually begins as an adult, but more and more children, adolescents, and young adults develop it.
3. Because Diabetes symptoms are difficult to detect, it is important to see your doctor if you are aware of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes and if any of them exist.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms
1. People with type 1 diabetes may have nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain.
2. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can develop within weeks or months and can be serious.
3. Type 1 diabetes usually begins when you are a child, adolescent or adolescent, but can occur at any age.
Symptoms of gestational diabetes
- Gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) usually occurs in the middle of pregnancy and is usually asymptomatic.
- If you are pregnant, you should be tested for gestational diabetes between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy so you can make changes as needed to protect your health and your baby’s health.
- When you have diabetes, finding the best food can be difficult.
- Because the patient’s goal is to control blood sugar levels.
- However, it is also important to eat foods that help prevent diabetes complications such as heart disease. Diet can play an important role in preventing and managing diabetes.
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Genetics and the environment play an important role in the development of diabetes. In other words, diabetes can occur when someone who has inherited a genetic constitution that is prone to it is exposed to an environment that is prone to diabetes. However, to date, only less than 1% of all diabetes can find abnormalities in the genes that cause diabetes. In most diabetes, the causative gene is not clearly identified.
Environmental factors that can cause diabetes include old age, obesity, stress, pregnancy, infection, and drugs (steroids, immunosuppressants, diuretics). Environmental factors, unlike genetic factors, can be avoided to some extent with your own efforts. It is believed that the recent increase in diabetes is due to an increase in obesity due to excessive food intake and decreased exercise volume, rather than a genetic cause. Eating a lot of sweets does not cause diabetes, but eating a lot of sweets can increase weight, and obesity increases the risk of developing diabetes.
Diabetes is diagnosed by measuring blood sugar. At this time, the blood glucose test is not a whole blood glucose test that collects blood from the fingertips, but a test that measures the concentration of glucose by collecting venous blood to settle the clot and separating only the clear plasma components of the upper layer. The urine glucose test, which was often performed in the past, can be negative even if you have diabetes, and it can be positive even if you are not diabetic.
The diagnostic criteria for diabetes that are currently most widely used were proposed by the ‘Specialized Committee on Diabetes Diagnosis Criteria and Classification’ in 1997, and are as follows.
- ① Diabetes symptoms of eating a lot of water and urinating a lot, which is a characteristic symptom of diabetes, appear. Weight loss appears that cannot be explained by any other specific cause. The measured blood sugar was 200mg/dL or more regardless of the meal time.
- ② Fasting blood sugar measured in a fasting state without caloric intake for 8 hours is 126mg/dL or more
- ③ In the oral glucose tolerance test, the blood sugar measured 2 hours after ingesting 75mg of glucose is 200mg/dL or more.
Diabetes can be diagnosed if only one of the three conditions above is satisfied. However, unless you have obvious hyperglycemic symptoms or acute metabolic abnormalities, you will be diagnosed with diabetes when repeated tests are done on different days and more than one diagnostic criteria are met.
Treatment options for diabetes include dietary therapy, exercise therapy, and medication. Mild diabetes can be effectively treated with diet and exercise therapy alone. Medication is added when dietary and exercise therapy alone does not provide satisfactory glycemic control. However, even while on medication, you must combine diet and exercise therapy. Drug therapy includes oral hypoglycemic drugs and insulin injections. The treatment drug is selected according to the type of diabetes, the patient’s condition, and the presence or absence of complications.
If blood sugar rises over the years, blood vessels become inflamed and can become clogged if they become severe. On the other hand, sudden and severe rises in blood sugar can lead to lethargy, loss of consciousness, and even death. Therefore, the purpose of diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar close to normal to prevent damage to blood vessels caused by high blood sugar, and to live healthy even with diabetes.
Diabetes treatment method-diet therapy, exercise therapy, drug therapy
Complications of diabetes include acute metabolic complications and chronic complications. Acute metabolic complications occur when blood sugar rises or falls too high, and if appropriate measures are not taken, abnormalities of consciousness occur. It can be life-threatening if not treated properly.
Chronic complications arise from long-lasting diabetes that causes changes in large and small blood vessels, which narrow or block. A complication of large blood vessels is called atherosclerosis, and it often occurs in the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart, brain, and lower limbs. Complications of small blood vessels mainly cause problems with the retina (part of the eye), kidneys, and nerves, which can lead to vision loss, chronic kidney failure, numbness in the upper and lower extremities, and pain.
Recently, several large-scale studies have demonstrated that thorough control of blood sugar can prevent or prevent complications of diabetes mellitus occurring in small blood vessels, namely retina, kidney, and nerve complications. However, control of blood sugar alone is less effective in preventing macrovascular complications that occur in the cardiovascular or cerebrovascular. In addition to controlling blood sugar, it is important to control blood pressure and hyperlipidemia.
To prevent diabetes, it is best to avoid obesity, sedentary lifestyle, high-fat diet, stress, and alcohol, which are environmental factors that can cause diabetes. In particular, people with diabetes in the family should properly control the amount of food and exercise regularly to prevent obesity.
In addition, in order to diagnose asymptomatic diabetes at an early stage, it is recommended that people who fall under the following Diabetes symptoms have a blood sugar test every year.
- -Have high blood pressure (blood pressure 140/90 mmHg or more) or take antihypertensive drugs being people
- – more than people with dyslipidemia (HDL cholesterol 35mg / dl or less or triglyceride 250mg / dl or more)
- – past impaired glucose tolerance or people fasting was hypoglycemic disorder
- – or have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes who have given birth to macrosomia than 4kg People
- – People who have experienced cardiovascular disease (stroke, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease)-People who do not exercise normally